ChemBioPower White Papers
DME: The best Fuel, Period
Dimethyl Ether is the future of electricity, heat, and transportation. In this paper you can read about how ChemBioPower is invested in finding the most efficient way of fueling the diesel engine. DME is a clean burning, high-density liquid fuel that can be used as a direct replacement for diesel fuel in power generation, transportation, heating, marine and a wide variety of other applications. DME can be readily synthesized from abundant natural gas and biomass feedstock using a number of well-established chemical processes. DME is benign, evaporates after a spill, burns smoke free with no sulfur and reduced nitrous oxide and generates 1 to 2 liters of water for each liter of fuel produced. Unlike compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquid natural gas (LNG), most importantly, DME can also be used in compression engines, which substantially impacts the potential applications of this fuel.
California Approval Note
ChemBioPower is excited to provide our insights on the state of California’s approval of DME as an alternative vehicle fuel.
On February 26th, 2015, Dimethyl Ether (DME) Industry leaders, Volvo Trucks North America (“Volvo”) and the California Division of Measurements & Standards of the Department of Food & Agriculture (“California”) announced today that DME is now approved for use as vehicle fuel in the State of California. DME is a clean-burning, non-toxic fuel that can be derived from renewable sources and can reduce CO2 emissions by 11% to 20%. DME’s high cetane number and quiet combustion, as well as its inexpensive propane-like fueling system, make it an excellent, inexpensive diesel alternative. The State of California's complete approval of DME for use as vehicle fuel is the latest milestone for the growing DME
Clean Marine Fuels
Ocean going vessels generate significant pollution. These emissions not only affect populations living near ports and coastlines, but also those living hundreds of miles inland. Studies by the US Environmental Pollution Administration (EPA) shows the impact of maritime engine emissions reaching deep into the continent from all coastal regions. Marine diesel engines generate large quantities of NOx, fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone (O3) and sulfur oxides (SOx) that fail to meet the EPA Air Quality Standards. Emissions from marine propulsion cause harm to both animal and human populations near these ecologically fragile zones.Maritime engines also emit hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO) and other hazardous air pollutants that are associated with adverse health effects.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) estimates that CO2 emissions from shipping were equal to 3.3% of the global human-made emissions in 2007 and expects them to rise by as much as 72 percent by 2020 if no action is taken. Large marine diesel engines are significant contributors to our national mobile source emission inventory and their contribution is expected to grow in the future. At the current rate, NOx emissions from ships are projected to more than double to 2.1 million tons a year while annual PM2.5 emissions are expected to almost triple to 170,000 tons a year by 2030.
ChemBioPower helps find a way to reduce these emissions through safer and more efficient fuel.
A Plague of Oil Spills
In accordance with the Clean Air Act, ChemBioPower wants to provide an environmentally friendly fuel alternative to oil. We've observed countless oil spills over the past few decades that have caused environmental devastation to the harbors, oceans, and land in North America. The Clean Air Act of 1990 requires that certain facilities employ the Best Available Control Technology to control emissions. If DME is released onto the environment it evaporates nearly immediately, has a green house gas factor of one, and is non-toxic. Dimethyl Ether solves many of the problems that regular diesel and bunker fuel create when released into the environment. There are very few applications where dimethyl ether cannot replace petroleum diesel. Dimethyl Ether is the best available technology for fuels that power transportation or electricity generation.
Dimethyl Ether: The Fuel of the Future, Today
After years of silence, the U.S. Department of Energy is now supporting the development of dimethyl ether (DME). The Ford Motor Company trumped this announcement, disclosing a consortium of commercial and academic organization would develop a DME automobile. Moreover, in an interview with the Financial Times, the New York City Sanitation Commissioner portrayed a future where recycled methane and carbon dioxide could be used to make dimethyl ether and power over 6,000 sanitation vehicles.
AlbertA's CArbon tax
Following an opinion gathering process lead by a group of business leaders, academics and policy makers, the Province of Alberta, Canada announced on November 20, 2015 an economy wide carbon dioxide tax beginning in 2017 and ramping up in 2018. Rachel Notley, Alberta’s NDP Premier made the announcement with the support of oil industry executives and the Treaty 6 First Nations. Along with environmentalist and other government supporters, most opinion leaders welcome the new toll and CO2 limits.